Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Technology
    • Samsung Galaxy S10 Fingerprint Issues Will Soon Be Fixed
    • Alleged Xiaomi Mi Note 10 Retail Box Image Leaked Online
    • 5G Will Enable Telecom Operators Manage Huge Data Growth: Report
    • SpaceX Pitches Additional 30,000 Satellites For Starlink
    • Nubia Launches Red Magic 3S With 12GB RAM, Snapdragon 855+, And More In India: Price And Specs
    • Vivo Z1x 8GB RAM Variant Officially Launched In India: Price And Specifications
    • ISRO RLV To Attempt Landing In Karnataka
    • MIUI 11 Announced In India: These Xiaomi Smartphones Will Get It From October 22
    • Apple iPhone 11 Pro Max’s making cost is just Rs. 35,000
    • Anker Launches PowerCore Select 10,000mAh Power Bank for Rs. 999
    • Infinix S5 Available At Rs. 8,999: Specifications And Colors
    • Diwali Gift Ideas: Budget Smartphones Under Rs. 10,000
    • Cisco And Value Point Opens Its First Cyber Security Experience Centre In Bengaluru
    • RedmiBook AMD Ryzen Edition Details Unveiled Ahead Of Launch
    • Redmi Note 8 Pro, Redmi Note 8 Officially Announced In India: Price, Specifications, And More
    • Xiaomi Redmi Note 8 Pro Quick Review: Better Than Some Value Flagship Smartphones
    • Nokia 5.1 Plus, Nokia 3.1 Update Rolls Out With October 2019 Patch
    • Apple iPhone SE 2 Might Use The Latest A13 Bionic Chipset: Specifications, Price And Colors
    • Realme X2 Pro India Launch Set For November 20: Expected Price, Specifications, And Features
    • Motorola G8 Plus With 48MP Triple-Rear Camera Launch Tipped For October 24 In Brazil
Sebaceous Horn (Devil’s Horn): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment, And Prevention
Boldsky | 16th Sep, 2019 09:34 AM

Recently, a 74-year-old man named Shyam Lal from Madhya Pradesh was diagnosed with a rare medical condition called Sebaceous horn, popularly known as Devil's Horn and has undergone surgery to have the cornified material removed.

According to Shyam Lal, the horn-like projection formed on his head after a head injury, which he had several years ago. Initially, it was small and unusual, but later it grew bigger and seemed like a horn made of wood.

The medical experts find it a rare condition and therefore have sent the case to be published among the rare cases in the International Journal of Surgery. But, what exactly are sebaceous horns? Let's understand it better by knowing its causes, symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

What Are Sebaceous Horns?

Sebaceous horns, also known as Cutaneous horns is the unusual conical-shaped projection on the surface of the skin caused due to excessive growth of the epidermis. They are made up of compact keratin and named so as they closely resemble horns of an animal. Sebaceous horns come in variable sizes and shape which ranges from being conical, cylindrical, curved, pointed, or transverse .

Around 60% of sebaceous horns are benign (noncancerous) in nature, but some may cause the risk of skin cancer. They can be seen in body parts like forehead, scalp, nose, ear, lips, penis, neck, eyelids, or sections, which are more exposed to sunlight . The condition is common in both men and women.

Also read:

Fournier Gangrene: Causes, Symptoms, Risk factors, Treatment, And Prevention

Causes Of Sebaceous Horn

Several factors responsible for the cause of sebaceous horn, but the exact cause is still unknown. However, common known causes for the condition are as follows:

  • Exposure to sunlight radiation, also known as squamous cell carcinoma .
  • Viral warts, especially caused by human papillomavirus
  • Skin cancer
  • Pre-cancerous skin lesions
  • Burn scars
  • Fair skin
Symptoms Of Sebaceous Horn

Sebaceous horns are usually grown on the outside portion of the skin. The growth can be of a different colour, which varies from white, pink, brown, tan, and yellow. They do not cause any symptoms, but horn-shaped projections come out from the skin's surface . When the projections get damaged or injured, then it may cause an infection or pain in the area.

Common characteristics of Sebaceous horns are:

  • A curved horn-like growth on the skin surface
  • Long projections which are twice in length compared to its width
  • In a person, often only one sebaceous horn appears.
  • Size may range from small to larger
  • Surrounded by slightly thickened skin
Risk Factors Of Sebaceous Horn

Whenever a person sees the sign of sebaceous horn, he or she should consult a doctor to understand its causes and know whether it is benign or cancerous. Also, what steps should be taken in case they get injured or inflamed. Benign and nonbenign risk factors associated with the condition are:

  • Skin infections like molluscum contagiosum
  • Bowen's disease
  • Seborrhoeic keratosis
  • Human papillomavirus infection
  • Psoriasis
  • Basal cell carcinoma
  • Arsenical keratosis
  • Intraepidermal carcinoma

Also read:

Achondroplasia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Complications Of Sebaceous Horn

Other possible complications in which a person should contact a doctor are:

  • Pain and inflammation around the sebaceous horn or from it,
  • Bleeding of the sebaceous horn
  • Redness of the sebaceous horn
  • Hardening of the skin around the base
  • Sudden growth of the sebaceous horn
  • A new development of sebaceous horn
Diagnosis Of Sebaceous Horn

A doctor can ask for the medical history of a patient with the sebaceous horn. The diagnosis is based on the appearance of the projection. Secondly, a biopsy is ordered in which a doctor surgically cut a piece of the horn and examine under a microscope whether it is cancerous or not .

Treatment Of Sebaceous Horn

The treatment of sebaceous horn is based on its growth, appearance, and whether it is cancerous or not. The steps for the treatment of benign horns are as follows:

  • Anaesthesia to numb the area around the horn
  • Surgically removing the projection from the base
  • Removing the layers of the skin in case the horn is too deep
  • Closing the area
  • Another method includes, freezing the skin growth with liquid nitrogen

For cancerous sebaceous horns, doctors prefer the following methods:

  • Surgery
  • Scraping or burning of the lesion
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Medicine like imiquimod to stimulate the immune system
Prevention Of Sebaceous Horn

As the main cause of sebaceous horn is long exposure to sunlight, thus avoiding it can be the best way to prevent the condition. Also, apply SPF sunscreen lotions to reduce the risk of a sebaceous horn on the skin.

 
Health and Life
  • Porphyria (The Vampire Syndrome): Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment And Prevention
  • World Pediatric Bone And Joint Day 2019: Date And Theme
  • Acoustic Trauma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
    • Food Poisoning: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
    • Spinal Disc Problem: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
    • World Food Day 2019: History And How It Is Celebrated
      • World Spine Day 2019: Date, Theme And History
      • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment & Prevention
      • What Is Plogging? Its Role In Boosting Your Health And The Environment
        • How To Keep Your Spine Healthy As You Age
        • World Spine Day: Foods That Will Help You Recover Faster From Spinal Cord Injury
        • Teratoma: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment
          • Health And Wellness Tips For College Students
          • Pseudobulbar Affect (PBA): The Medical Condition Behind Joker's Laugh
          • Pompe Disease: Types, Causes, Inheritance, Diagnosis & Treatment
            • Periodontitis: Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors, Treatment And Prevention
            • 13 Health Benefits Of Spelt (Dinkel Wheat)
            • 10 Science-backed Health Benefits Of Noni Juice, Its Nutrition & Side Effects